NPV, with rankings Botany Bay, Inc., a maker of casual clothing, is considering four projects. Because of past financial difficulties, the company has a high cost of capital at 15%. Which of these projects would be acceptable under those cost circumstances?a. Calculate the NPV of...
03 Jun 2021NPV and IRR Benson Designs has prepared the following estimates for a long term project it is considering. The initial investment is $18,250, and the project is expected to yield after-tax cash inflows of $4,000 per year for 7 years. The firm has a 10% cost of capital. a. Determ...
03 Jun 2021IRR, investment life, and cash inflows Oak Enterprises accepts projects earning more than the firm’s 15% cost of capital. Oak is currently considering a 10-year project that provides annual cash inflows of $10,000 and requires an initial investment of $61,450. (Note: All amounts ...
03 Jun 2021Long-term investment decision, IRR method Billy and Mandy Jones have $25,000 to invest. On average, they do not make any investment that will not return at least 7.5% per year. They have been approached with an investment opportunity that requires $25,000 upfront and has a payout...
03 Jun 2021IRR—Mutually exclusive projects Bell Manufacturing is attempting to choose the better of two mutually exclusive projects for expanding the firm’s warehouse capacity. The relevant cash flows for the projects are shown in the following table. The firm’s cost of capital is 15%.a. Ca...
03 Jun 2021Internal rate of return For each of the projects shown in the following table, calculate the internal rate of return (IRR). Then indicate, for each project, the maximum cost of capital that the firm could have and still find the IRR acceptable.
03 Jun 2021NPV and EVA A project costs $2.5 million up front and will generate cash flows in perpetuity of $240,000. The firm’s cost of capital is 9%. a. Calculate the project’s NPV. b. Calculate the annual EVA in a typical year. c. Calculate the overall project EVA and compare to your a...
03 Jun 2021Payback and NPV Neil Corporation has three projects under consideration. The cash flows for each project are shown in the following table. The firm has a 16% cost of capital.a. Calculate each project’s payback period. Which project is preferred according to this method? b. Calcu...
03 Jun 2021Long-term investment decision, NPV method Jenny Jenks has researched the financial pros and cons of entering into an elite MBA program at her state university. The tuition and needed books for a master’s program will have an upfront cost of $100,000. On average, a person with an ...
03 Jun 2021NPV—Mutually exclusive projects Hook Industries is considering the replacement of one of its old drill presses. Three alternative replacement presses are under consideration. The relevant cash flows associated with each are shown in the following table. The firm’s cost of capital...
03 Jun 2021NPV and maximum return A firm can purchase a fixed asset for a $13,000 initial investment. The asset generates an annual after-tax cash inflow of $4,000 for 4 years. a. Determine the net present value (NPV) of the asset, assuming that the firm has a 10% cost of capital. Is the p...
03 Jun 2021NPV Simes Innovations, Inc., is negotiating to purchase exclusive rights to manufacture and market a solar-powered toy car. The car’s inventor has offered Simes the choice of either a one-time payment of $1,500,000 today or a series of five year-end payments of $385,000. a. If S...
03 Jun 2021Net present value—Independent projects Using a 14% cost of capital, calculate the net present value for each of the independent projects shown in the following table, and indicate whether each is acceptable.
03 Jun 2021NPV for varying costs of capital Dane Cosmetics is evaluating a new fragrancemixing machine. The machine requires an initial investment of $24,000 and will generate after-tax cash inflows of $5,000 per year for 8 years. For each of the costs of capital listed, (1) calculate the n...
03 Jun 2021NPV Calculate the net present value (NPV) for the following 20-year projects. Comment on the acceptability of each. Assume that the firm has an opportunity cost of 14%. a. Initial investment is $10,000; cash inflows are $2,000 per year. b. Initial investment is $25,000; cash in...
03 Jun 2021Long-term investment decision, payback method Bill Williams has the opportunity to invest in project A that costs $9,000 today and promises to pay annual end-ofyear payments of $2,200, $2,500, $2,500, $2,000, and $1,800 over the next 5 years. Or, Bill can invest $9,000 in project...
03 Jun 2021Choosing between two projects with acceptable payback periods Shell Camping Gear, Inc., is considering two mutually exclusive projects. Each requires an initial investment of $100,000. John Shell, president of the company, has set a maximum payback period of 4 years. The after-ta...
03 Jun 2021Payback comparisons Nova Products has a 5-year maximum acceptable payback period. The firm is considering the purchase of a new machine and must choose between two alternative ones. The first machine requires an initial investment of $14,000 and generates annual after-tax cash in...
03 Jun 2021Payback period Jordan Enterprises is considering a capital expenditure that requires an initial investment of $42,000 and returns after-tax cash inflows of $7,000 per year for 10 years. The firm has a maximum acceptable payback period of 8 years. a. Determine the payback period ...
03 Jun 2021Cooper Electronics uses NPV profiles to visually evaluate competing projects. Key data for the two projects under consideration are given in the following table. Using these data, graph, on the same set of axes, the NPV profiles for each project using discount rates of 0%, 8%, an...
03 Jun 2021Billabong Tech uses the internal rate of return (IRR) to select projects. Calculate the IRR for each of the following projects and recommend the best project based on this measure. Project T-Shirt requires an initial investment of $15,000 and generates cash inflows of $8,000 per ...
03 Jun 2021Axis Corp. is considering investment in the best of two mutually exclusive projects. Project Kelvin involves an overhaul of the existing system; it will cost $45,000 and generate cash inflows of $20,000 per year for the next 3 years. Project Thompson involves replacement of the e...
03 Jun 2021Herky Foods is considering acquisition of a new wrapping machine. The initial investment is estimated at $1.25 million, and the machine will have a 5-year life with no salvage value. Using a 6% discount rate, determine the net present value (NPV) of the machine given its expected...
03 Jun 2021Elysian Fields, Inc., uses a maximum payback period of 6 years and currently must choose between two mutually exclusive projects. Project Hydrogen requires an initial outlay of $25,000; project Helium requires an initial outlay of $35,000. Using the expected cash inflows given fo...
03 Jun 2021All techniques with NPV profile—Mutually exclusive projects Fitch Industries is in the process of choosing the better of two equal-risk, mutually exclusive capital expenditure projects—M and N. The relevant cash flows for each project are shown in the following table. The firm’s ...
03 Jun 2021ETHICS PROBLEM During the 1990s, General Electric put together a long string of consecutive quarters in which the firm managed to meet or beat the earnings forecasts of Wall Street stock analysts. Some skeptics wondered if GE “managed” earnings to meet Wall Street’s expectations,...
03 Jun 2021Weighted average cost of capital American Exploration, Inc., a natural gas producer, is trying to decide whether to revise its target capital structure. Currently it targets a 50–50 mix of debt and equity, but it is considering a target capital structure with 70% debt. American E...
03 Jun 2021Calculation of individual costs and WACC Lang Enterprises is interested in measuring its overall cost of capital. Current investigation hasgathered the following data. The firm is in the 40% tax bracket. Debt The firm can raise debt by selling $1,000-par-value, 8% coupon interest...
03 Jun 2021Weighted average cost of capital John Dough has just been awarded his degree in business. He has three education loans outstanding. They all mature in 5 years and can be repaid without penalty any time before maturity. The amounts owed on each loan and the annual interest rate as...
03 Jun 2021Cost of capital Edna Recording Studios, Inc., reported earnings available to common stock of $4,200,000 last year. From those earnings, the company paid a dividend of $1.26 on each of its 1,000,000 common shares outstanding. The capital structure of the company includes 40% debt,...
03 Jun 2021WACC and target weights After careful analysis, Dexter Brothers has determined that its optimal capital structure is composed of the sources and target market value weights shown in the following table. Source of capital Target market valu...
03 Jun 2021WACC—Book weights and market weights Webster Company has compiled the information shown in the following table.a. Calculate the weighted average cost of capital using book value weights. b. Calculate the weighted average cost of capital using market value weights. c. Compare th...
03 Jun 2021WACC—Book weights Ridge Tool has on its books the amounts and specific (after-tax) costs shown in the following table for each source of capital.a. Calculate the firm’s weighted average cost of capital using book value weights. b. Explain how the firm can use this cost in the in...
03 Jun 2021The effect of tax rate on WACC Equity Lighting Corp. wishes to explore the effect on its cost of capital of the rate at which the company pays taxes. The firm wishes to maintain a capital structure of 30% debt, 10% preferred stock, and 60% common stock. The cost of financing with...
03 Jun 2021Retained earnings versus new common stock Using the data for each firm shown in the following table, calculate the cost of retained earnings and the cost of new common stock using the constant-growth valuation model.
03 Jun 2021Cost of common stock equity Ross Textiles wishes to measure its cost of common stock equity. The firm’s stock is currently selling for $57.50. The firm expects to pay a $3.40 dividend at the end of the year (2013). The dividends for the past 5 years are shown in the following tab...
03 Jun 2021Cost of common stock equity—CAPM J&M Corporation common stock has a beta, b, of 1.2. The risk-free rate is 6%, and the market return is 11%. a. Determine the risk premium on J&M common stock. b. Determine the required return that J&M common stock should provide. c. Determine J...
03 Jun 2021Cost of preferred stock Determine the cost for each of the following preferred stocks.
03 Jun 2021Cost of preferred stock Taylor Systems has just issued preferred stock. The stock has a 12% annual dividend and a $100 par value and was sold at $97.50 per share. In addition, flotation costs of $2.50 per share must be paid. a. Calculate the cost of the preferred stock. b. If t...
03 Jun 2021After-tax cost of debt Rick and Stacy Stark, a married couple, are interested in purchasing their first boat. They have decided to borrow the boat’s purchase price of $100,000. The family is in the 28% federal income tax bracket. There are two choices for the Stark family: They c...
03 Jun 2021The cost of debt Gronseth Drywall Systems, Inc., is in discussions with its investment bankers regarding the issuance of new bonds. The investment banker has informed the firm that different maturities will carry different coupon rates and sell at different prices. The firm must ...
03 Jun 2021Cost of debt using the approximation formula For each of the following $1,000-parvalue bonds, assuming annual interest payment and a 40% tax rate, calculate the after-tax cost to maturity using the approximation formula.
03 Jun 2021Before-tax cost of debt and after-tax cost of debt David Abbot is interested in purchasing a bond issued by Sony. He has obtained the following information on the security:Answer the following questions. a. Calculate the before-tax cost of the Sony bond. b. Calculate the after-...
03 Jun 2021Cost of debt using both methods Currently, Warren Industries can sell 15-year, $1,000-par-value bonds paying annual interest at a 12% coupon rate. As a result of current interest rates, the bonds can be sold for $1,010 each; flotation costs of $30 per bond will be incurred in thi...
03 Jun 2021Concept of cost of capital Wren Manufacturing is in the process of analyzing its investment decision-making procedures. The two projects evaluated by the firm during the past month were projects 263 and 264. The basic variables surrounding each project analysis and the resulting ...
03 Jun 2021Oxy Corporation uses debt, preferred stock, and common stock to raise capital. The firm’s capital structure targets the following proportions: debt, 55%; preferred stock, 10%; and common stock, 35%. If the cost of debt is 6.7%, preferred stock costs 9.2%, and common stock costs 1...
03 Jun 2021Weekend Warriors, Inc., has 35% debt and 65% equity in its capital structure. The firm’s estimated after-tax cost of debt is 8% and its estimated cost of equity is 13%. Determine the firm’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC).
03 Jun 2021Duke Energy has been paying dividends steadily for 20 years. During that time, dividends have grown at a compound annual rate of 7%. If Duke Energy’s current stock price is $78 and the firm plans to pay a dividend of $6.50 next year, what is Duke’s cost of common stock equity?
03 Jun 2021Your firm, People’s Consulting Group, has been asked to consult on a potential preferred stock offering by Brave New World. This 15% preferred stock issue would be sold at its par value of $35 per share. Flotation costs would total $3 per share. Calculate the cost of this preferr...
03 Jun 2021A firm raises capital by selling $20,000 worth of debt with flotation costs equal to 2% of its par value. If the debt matures in 10 years and has a coupon interest rate of 8%, what is the bond’s YTM?
03 Jun 2021