Which of the following is a key element of judicial independence that is essential to the rule of law?
a.Rule according to higher law
c.Separation of powers
3.The power of courts, when confronted with a legitimate case, to evaluate and strike down acts of government that violate the Constitution is known as _____.
4.Which of the following cases led to the practice of judicial review?
a.Lindsey v. Miller
b.Marbury v. Madison
c.Hylton v. United States
d.Brown v. Barry
e.United States v. Lawrence
5.In Marbury v. Madison case, Marbury brought his suit directly to the Supreme Court under its _____.
6.A(n) _____ is a court order instructing an official to perform a mandatory duty.
c.writ of mandamus
7.John, a judge in a federal court, does not participate in a case because of a conflict of interest. Which of the following terms best describes John’s decision of not participating in the case?
8.Judiciary Act of 1789:
a.abolished the federal judgeships it had created and considered impeaching federal judges.
b.established lower federal courts in the United States and defined the Supreme Court’s appellate jurisdiction.
c.increased the authority of the Supreme Court to hear a case that originates before it (as opposed to an appeal from a lower court).
d.stated that judicial review of state action is arguably even more important than judicial review of coequal branches.
e.established the Supreme Court’s power to review actions of coequal branches of government.
9.Which of the following is true about Marbury v. Madison case?
a.The Marbury v. Madison case led to a constitutional amendment for incorporating judicial review.
b.The Marbury v. Madison case established the Supreme Court’s power to review actions of coequal branches of government.
c.The Marbury v. Madison case led to the enactment of the Judiciary Act of 1801.
d.In his opinion for the Court, Marshall conceded that Marbury had a right to his commission and that the law offered a remedy in the form of a habeas corpus.
e.The ruling in Marbury v. Madison actually decreased the power of the Court in the long run.
10.Which among the following was the first country to embrace the use of judicial review?
d.The United States
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