Which industries and occupations have the highest rates of unionization? Which the lowest
Which industries and occupations have the highest rates of unionization? Which the lowest? Speculate on the reasons for such large differences.
2. What percentage of wage and salary workers are union members? Is this percentage higher, or is it lower, than in previous decades? Which of the factors explaining the trend do you think is most dominant?
3. Explain how featherbedding and other restrictive work practices can reduce labor productivity. Why might strikes reduce the economy’s output less than the loss of production by the struck firms?
4. What is the estimated size of the union wage advantage? How might this advantage diminish the efficiency with which labor resources are allocated in the economy? Normally, labor resources of equal potential productivity flow from low-wage employment to high-wage employment. Why does that not happen to close the union wage advantage?
5. Contrast the voice mechanism and the exit mechanism for communicating dissatisfaction. In what two ways do labor unions reduce labor turnover? How might such reductions increase productivity?