Two dollars of gross margin per briefcase? That's ridiculous!" roared Roy Thurmond, president of First-Line Cases, Inc. "Why do we go on producing those standard briefcases when we're able to make over $12 per unit on our specialty items? Maybe it's time to get out of the standard line and focus the whole plant on specialty work." Mr. Thurmond was referring to a summary of unit costs and revenud department: that he had just received from the company's accounting Standard Briefcases Briefcases Specialty Selling price per unit Unit product cost $ 41.70 23.85 21.85 29.16 $ 2.00 $ 12.54 Gross margin per unit FirstLine Cases produces briefcases from leather, fabric, and synthetic materials in a single plant. The basic product is a standard briefcase that is made from leather lined with fabric. The standard briefcase is a high-quality item and has sold well for many years. Last year, the company decided to expand its product line and produce specialty briefcases for speclal orders. These briefcases differ from the standard in that they vary in size, they contain the finest leather and synthetic materials, and they are imprinted with the buyer's name.
To reduce labor costs on the specialty briefcases, automated machines do most of the cutting and stitching. These machines are used to a much lesser degree in the production of standard briefcases "I agree that the specialty business is looking better and better," replied Beth Mersey, the company's marketing manager. "And there seems to be plenty of demand out there, particularly because the competition hasn't been able to touch our price. Did you know that Velsun Company, our biggest competitor, charges over $44 a unit for its specialty items? Now that's what I call gouging the customer!" A breakdown of the manufacturing cost for each of FirstLine Cases' products is given below: Standard Briefcases 10,000 Specialty Briefcases Units produced each month Direct materials: Leather Fabric 2,500 $11.20 7,20 1.20 1.00 Synthetic Total materials Direct labor (0.50 DLH and 0.40 DLH $11.20 per DLH)
Manufacturing overhead (0.5 DLH and 0.4 DLH $15.70 per DLH) 6.20 8.40 18.40 5.60 4.48 7.85 6.28 Total cost per unit $21.85 $29.16 Manufacturing overhead is applied to products on the basis of direct labor-hours. The rate of $15.70 per hour was determined by dividing the total manufacturing overhead cost for a month by the direct labor-hours: Manufacturing overhead Direct labor-hours S94,200 Predetermined overhead rate $15.70 per DLH 6,000 DLHS The following additional information is available about the company and its products a. Standard briefcases are produced in batches of 1,000 units, and specialty briefcases are produced in batches of 100 units. Thus, the company does 10 setups for the standard items each month and 25 setups for the specialty items. A setup for the standard items requires one hour, whereas a setup for the specialty items requires two hours. b. All briefcases are inspected to ensure that quality standards are met. Each month a total of 200 hours is spent inspecting the standard briefcases and 300 hours is spent inspecting the specialty briefcases. c. A standard briefcase requires 0.5 hours of machine time, and a specialty briefcase requires 1.2 hours of machine time. d.
The company is considering the use of activity-based costing as an alternative to its traditional costing system for computing unit product costs. The activity-based costing system has already been designed and costs have been allocated to the activity cost pools. The activity cost pools and activity measures are detalled below Estimated Overhead Activity Cost Pool Purchasing Material handling Production orders and setups Inspection Frame assembly Machine-related Activity Measure Number of orders Number of receipts Setup-hours Inspection-hours Assembly-hours Machine-hours Cost 15,000 16,000 6.000 14.480 10,720 32,000 94,200 Expected Activity Specialty Standard Briefcases Activity Measure Number of orders:
Briefcases Total Leather 50 1 0 60 Fabric 70 20 90 Synthetic material Number of receipts 150 150 Leather 70 10 B0 Fabric 105 R 5 20 Synthetic material Setup-hours Inspection-hours Assembly-hours Machine-hours 0 215 215 200 300 500 620 720 1,340 7 in Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below. Required 1 Required 2 Required 3 Using activity- based costing, determine the amount of manufacturing overhead cost that wou ld be assigned to each standard briefcase and each specialty briefcase. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) Standard Speciality Briefcases Briefcases Manufacturing overhead cost per unit Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below. Required 2 Required 3 Required 1 Using the data computed in requirement 1 and other data from the case as product line from the perspective of the activity-based costing system. (Do not round intermediate calculations.
Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) needed, determine the unit product cost of each Standard Briefcases Speciality Briefcases Unit product cost Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below. Required 1 Required 2 Required 3 Within the limitations of the data that have been provided, evaluate the president's concern about the profitability of the two product lines. (Loss amounts should be indicated with a minus sign. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) Standard Briefcases Speciality Briefcases Gross margin (loss) per unit
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