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# The table below summarizes the marginal product data for labor in producing personal computers Assume the other quantities employed by the firm remain constant Compute the

3. The table below summarizes the marginal product data for labor in producing personal computers. Assume the other quantities employed by the firm remain constant. Compute the MPL, TR, and MRP and answer the following questions.

 L TPL MPL Price TR MRP 0 0 \$1000 _____ 1 10 _____ 1000 _____ _____ 2 18 _____ 900 _____ _____ 3 24 _____ 800 _____ _____ 4 28 _____ 700 _____ _____ 5 30 _____ 600 _____ _____

(a) What type of market is the one for personal computers?

Now look at the table below showing a different market situation for the demand for personal computers. Fill in the table and answer the following questions.

 L TPL MPL Price TR MRP 0 0 \$1000 _____ 1 10 _____ 1000 _____ _____ 2 18 _____ 1000 _____ _____ 3 24 _____ 1000 _____ _____ 4 28 _____ 1000 _____ _____ 5 30 _____ 1000 _____ _____

(b) What type of market does the firm face for personal computers?

4. Complete the following table, where L is the units of labor, TPL is the total product of labor, MPL is the marginal product of labor, P is product price, TR is total revenue, and MRPL is the marginal revenue product of labor.

 L TPL MPL P TR MRPL 0 0 \$2.00 \$_____ 1 10 _____ 2.00 _____ \$_____ 2 19 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 3 27 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 4 34 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 5 40 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 6 45 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 7 49 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 8 52 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 9 54 _____ 2.00 _____ _____ 10 55 _____ 2.00 _____ _____

(a) In what type of market is the firm selling its product? How do you know?

(b) Why does the MRP schedule decrease as labor increases?

(c) Complete the following table.

 Wage rate Quantity of workers employed \$16 _____ 14 _____ 12 _____ 10 _____ 8 _____ 6 _____

5. What factors explain the high level of level of productivity in the United States?

6. Use the following data to answer the question.

 Demand and Supply of Labor Data Employment Total output Product price Wage rate 50 708 \$1.27 \$6 51 760 1.26 7 52 810 1.25 8 53 858 1.24 9

How many units of labor will this firm hire in maximizing its profits?

7. What are the three different union strategies pursued to increase wages?

8. Use the extreme points from a production possibilities schedule below to draw two straight line production possibilities curves for two nations, A and B using the below graphs. Assume constant costs.

 Nation Food Clothing A 4 4 B 2 8

(a) What is the cost ratio for the two products?

(b) If each nation specializes according to comparative advantage, who should produce and trade each product? Why?

(c) What will be the range for the terms of trade? If the terms are set at 1 food = 2 clothing, show how the trading possibilities lines will change in the graph. Explain.

9. Explain how the “Buy American” theme hurts Americans.

10. What is the purpose of the World Trade Organization and its current activity?

Apr 29 2020 View more View Less