The Sherman Act and the Clayton Act were passed into law more than 100 years ago. What ch
The Sherman Act and the Clayton Act were passed into law more than 100 years ago. What characteristic of each of these laws enables them to remain applicable in today's modern economy?
106) Over time, state and local governments have passed regulations that limit entry into certain markets. For example, in most locations beauty shops and barber shops must obtain a license to do business. The usual justification for such licensing requirements is to better ensure that only qualified people are offering such services. Considering the efficiency implications of having more or less firms serve a particular market, and the fact that consumers can "vote with their feet" (i.e., buy from a different if they aren't satisfied), is such regulation justified from an economic perspective? Why or why not?
107) Assume good X is produced in a monopolistically competitive market. In addition, each of the firms in the industry uses essentially the same technology. Competitors distinguish their individual products primarily through persuasive advertising. Assume that one of the firms in the market discovers a new production process that substantially reduces the average costs of production. Analyze the effects of this discovery on long-run equilibrium in the market.