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The maximum surface temperature of the 20-mmdiameter shaft of a motor operating in ambient air at 27°C should not exceed 87°C. Because of power dissipation within the motor housing, it is desirable to reject as much heat as possible through the shaft to the ambient air. In this problem, we will investigate several methods for heat removal.
(a) For rotating cylinders, a suitable correlation for estimating the convection coefficient is of the form
Where and is the rotational velocity (rad/s). Determine the convection coefficient and the maximum heat rate per unit length as a function of rotational speed in the range from 5000 to 15,000 rpm. (b) Estimate the free convection coefficient and the maximum heat rate per unit length for the stationary shaft. Mixed free and forced convection effects may become significant for Are free convection effects important for the range of rotational speeds designated in part (a)?
(c) Assuming the emissivity of the shaft is 0.8 and the surroundings are at the ambient air temperature, is radiation exchange important?
(d) If ambient air is in cross flow over the shaft, what air velocities are required to remove the heat rates determined in part (a)?
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