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The effect of negative externalities on the optimal quantity of consumption Consider the market for bolts. Suppose that a hardware factory dumps toxic waste into a nearby river creating a negative

The effect of negative externalities on the optimal quantity of consumption Consider the market for bolts. Suppose that a hardware factory dumps toxic waste into a nearby river, creating a negative externality for those living downstream from the factory. Producing an additional ton of bolts imposes a constant external cost of $175 per ton. The following graph shows the demand (private value) curve and the supply (private cost) curve for bolts. Use the purple points (diamond symbol) to plot the social cost curve when the external cost is $175 per ton. The market equilibrium quantity is ____________tons of bolts, but the socially optimal quantity of bolt production is ___________tons. To create an incentive for the firm to produce the socially optimal quantity of bolts, the government could impose a of $ per ton of bolts.

Apr 05 2020 Read more Less More

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