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Are Seat Belts Effective A simple random sample of front seat occupants involved in car crashes is obtained Among 2823 occupants not wearing seat belts, 31 were killed Among 7765 occupants

test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. 

Are Seat Belts Effective? A simple random sample of front-seat occupants involved in car crashes is obtained. Among 2823 occupants not wearing seat belts, 31 were killed. Among 7765 occupants wearing seat belts, 16 were killed (based on data from “Who Wants Airbags?” 
by Meyer and Finney, Chance, Vol. 18, No. 2). We want to use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that seat belts are effective in reducing fatalities.
a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test.
b. Test the claim by constructing an appropriate confidence interval.
c. What does the result suggest about the effectiveness of seat belts?

May 28 2021 View more View Less

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