Small-diameter electrical heating elements dissipating 50 W/m (length normal to the sketch) are used to heat a ceramic plate of thermal conductivity 2 W/m ∙ K. The upper surface of the plate is exposed to ambient air at 30°C with a convection coefficient of 100 W/m 2 ∙ K, while the lower surface is well insulated.
(a) Using the Gauss–Seidel method with a grid spacing of obtain the temperature distribution within the plate.
(b) Using the calculated nodal temperatures, sketch four isotherms to illustrate the temperature distribution in the plate.
(c) Calculate the heat loss by convection from the plate to the fluid. Compare this value with the element dissipation rate.
(d) What advantage, if any, is there in not making for this situation?
(e) With calculate the temperature field within the plate and the rate of heat transfer from the plate. Under no circumstances may the temperature at any location in the plate exceed 400°C. Would this limit be exceeded if the airflow were terminated and heat transfer to the air were by natural convection with h 10 W/m2 ∙ K?
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