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Research, development, and technology transfer initiatives between the 1940s and the late

Research, development, and technology transfer initiatives between the 1940s and the late 1970s that increased agriculture production around the world is called the

a.Kyoto advance.

b.green revolution.

c.sustainable development approach.

d.None of the above is correct.

 

3.__________ tend to be more optimistic and about the global environment and its future.

a.Modernists.

b.Liberals.

c.Neoconservatives.

d.None of the above is correct.

 

4.Environmental pessimists believe that __________ will NOT damage the environment and increase human suffering.

a.population control

b.ozone depletion

c.global warming

d.warfare over scarce natural resources

 

5.The idea that humankind will be able to meet environ­mental needs and hence be able to continue to prosper is a guiding principle of environmental

a.pessimism.

b.optimism.

c.absolutism.

d.relativism.

 

6.Environmental pessimists worry that, in the future, countries will increasingly clash over

a.oil.

b.water.

c.pollutants.

d.All the above are correct.

 

7.Environmental optimists are less concerned with natural resource depletion because they believe that

a.natural resource depletion indicates a higher standard of living throughout the world.

b.natural resource depletion allows LDCs to develop economically.

c.technological innovation will solve most problems.

d.alter­native forms of energy will become readily available.

 

8.The largest number of humans Earth can sustain indefinitely at current rates of per capita consumption of natural resources is Earth’s

a.environmental capacity.

b.population limit.

c.sustainability index.

d.carrying capacity.

 

9.One negative side effect of industrialization is

a.greatly expanded global wealth.

b.increased pollution.

c.decreased infant mortality rates.

d.extended life expectancy in LDCs.

 

10.Reasons for the rapidly expanding global population include

a.increased birthrates and death rates.

b.increased access to abortion and declining religious fundamentalism.

c.massive increases in food supplies and agricultural technology.

d.decreased infant mortality rates and increased longevity.

Dec 10 2019 View more View Less

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