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Home / Questions / PROBLEM 7 17 Comparing Traditional and Activity-Based Product Margins LO1 LO3 LO4 LO5 Prec...

PROBLEM 7 17 Comparing Traditional and Activity-Based Product Margins LO1 LO3 LO4 LO5 Precision Manufacturing Inc PMI makes two types of industrial component parts—the EX300 and the

PROBLEM 7–17 Comparing Traditional and Activity-Based Product Margins [LO1, LO3, LO4, LO5] Precision Manufacturing Inc. (PMI) makes two types of industrial component parts—the EX300 and the TX500. An absorption costing income statement for the most recent period is shown below:

 

 

PMI produced and sold 60,000 units of EX300 at a price of $20 per unit and 12,500 units of TX500 at a price of $40 per unit. The company’s traditional cost system allocates manufacturing overhead to products using a plantwide overhead rate and direct labor dollars as the allocation base. Additional information relating to the company’s two product lines is shown below:

 

 

The company has created an activity-based costing system to evaluate the profitability of its products. PMI’s ABC implementation team concluded that $50,000 and $100,000 of the company’s advertising expenses could be directly traced to EX300 and TX500, respectively. The remainder of the selling and administrative expenses was organization-sustaining in nature. The ABC team also distributed the company’s manufacturing overhead to four activities as shown below:

 

 

 

Activity Cost Pool (and Activity Measure)

Overhead

EX300

TX500

Total

Machining (machine-hours) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

$198,250

90,000

62,500

152,500

Setups (setup hours) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

150,000

75

300

375

Product-sustaining (number of products) . . .

100,000

1

1

2

Other (organization-sustaining costs) . . . . .

60,375

NA

NA

NA

Total manufacturing overhead cost . . . . . . .

$508,625

 

 

 

 

 

Required:

1.       Using Exhibit 7–12 as a guide, compute the product margins for the EX300 and TX500 under the company’s traditional costing system.

2.       Using Exhibit 7–10 as a guide, compute the product margins for EX300 and TX500 under the activity-based costing system.

3.       Using Exhibit 7–13 as a guide, prepare a quantitative comparison of the traditional and activity-based cost assignments. Explain why the traditional and activity-based cost assign- ments differ.

Jun 29 2020 View more View Less

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