Home / Questions / PROBLEM 15 3 Interpretation of Financial Ratios LO2 LO3 Being a prudent investor, Sally P...
PROBLEM 15–13 Interpretation of Financial Ratios [LO2, LO3]
Being a prudent investor, Sally Perkins always investigates a company thoroughly before purchas ing shares of its stock for investment. Ms. Perkins is interested in the common stock of Plunge Enterprises. The following data are available for the company:

Year 3 
Year 2 
Year 1 
Current ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
2.8 
2.5 
2.0 
Acidtest ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
0.7 
0.9 
1.2 
Accounts receivable turnover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
8.6 
9.5 
10.4 
Inventory turnover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
5.0 
5.7 
6.8 
Sales trend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
130.0 
118.0 
100.0 
Dividends paid per share* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
$2.50 
$2.50 
$2.50 
Dividend yield ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
5% 
4% 
3% 
Dividend payout ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
40% 
50% 
60% 
Return on total assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 
13.0% 
11.8% 
10.4% 
Return on common stockholders’ equity . . . . . . 
16.2% 
14.5% 
9.0% 
Ms. Perkins would like answers to a number of questions about the trend of events over the last three years in Plunge Enterprises. Her questions are as follows:
a. Is the market price of the company’s stock going up or down?
b. Is the earnings per share increasing or decreasing?
c. Is the priceearnings ratio going up or down?
d. Is the company employing financial leverage to the advantage of the common stockholders?
e. Is it becoming easier for the company to pay its bills as they come due?
f. Are customers paying their bills at least as fast now as they did in Year 1?
g. Is the total of the accounts receivable increasing, decreasing, or remaining constant?
h. Is the level of inventory increasing, decreasing, or remaining constant?
Required:
Answer each of Ms. Perkins’s questions and explain how you arrived at your answer.
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