Over half of all the unfair labor practice charges are filed against employers who:
A.refused to bargain.
B.retaliated against employees who filed other charges.
C.interfered with union activities.
D.bribed the union negotiators.
E.fired employees for organizing unions.
52.Which of the following is true of nonunion employers?
A.For nonunion employers, union avoidance is an important employee relations objective.
B.Top management's values in nonunion organizations do not emphasize promotion from within.
C.Nonunion employers tend to give below-average pay and minimal benefits.
D.Nonunion employers can provide a stronger platform for the independent employee voice than that a union can provide.
E.Nonunion employers who desire productivity advantage over their competitors cannot offer what unions can offer employees.
53.Which of the following is true of union actions across industries and states?
A.Employee groups and economic sectors with the fastest growth rates tend to have the highest rates of unionization.
B.Women and men have equal representation in unions.
C.One reason for the smaller union presence in southern states is the existence of right-to-work laws.
D.Nonmanufacturing industries such as finance, insurance, and real estate have a higher union representation than manufacturing industries.
E.The Southern United States is more heavily organized than the rest of the country in terms of unionization.
54.The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) is also known as the _____.
55.Which of the following is true of the Wagner Act?
A.Under the Wagner Act, states are allowed to pass the right-to-work laws.
B.It states that agency shops, union shops, and the maintenance of membership are illegal.
C.It prohibits employees from going out on strike to secure better working conditions.
D.It established an eight-hour workday, with additional pay for overtime work.
E.It actively supports collective bargaining.
56.A list of unfair labor practices were added to the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) through the _____.
E.Norris-La Guardia Act
57.Which of the following acts was an addition to the Taft-Hartley Act that further regulated unions' actions and their internal affairs like financial disclosure and conduct of elections?
58.Which of the following is true of the Taft-Hartley Act?
A.It impedes collective bargaining rather than supporting it.
B.It prohibits union members from going out on strikes.
C.It permits employers to spy on union meetings.
D.It outlaws union operations that threaten an employee's life and job.
E.It prohibits employees from refraining to take part in union activities.
59.Which of the following is an example of an employer unfair labor practice?
A.Kate, the union head, expels members for crossing a picket line that is unlawful.
B.Jake, a manager, threatens to close down a plant if organized by a union.
C.Rick, a manager, who prohibits mass picketing, when nonstriking employees are physically barred from entering the plant.
D.Ben, a union member, causes discharge of an employee, Jane, who spoke out against a contract proposed by the union.
E.Gail, an employee representative, who tricks his employer by including illegal provisions in a contract.
60.Which of the following is an example of an employer unfair labor practice?
A.Ken, the union representative, causes threats to employees of bodily injury.
B.Donna, a supervisor, pretends to spy on union meetings.
C.Bob, a union member, terminates an existing contract and strikes for a new one without informing the employer.
D.Ben, a worker, causes discharge of an employee who spoke out against a contract proposed by the union.
E.Genna, a nonunion employee, causes a member to include illegal provisions in a contract.
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