One way to deal with children’s behaviors is to understand developmental stages. This is important because
a.all two-, three-, four-, and five-year-olds follow a specific set of behaviors unique to their age and it is important to understand these.
b.an understanding of what children of a given age generally are and are not able to do allows the teacher to set realistic expectations accordingly.
c.the teacher can then set expectations for each age group, according to developmental norms, which all children will have to meet before their next birthday.
d.the teacher can ask parents to remove a child from the program if that child does not conform to these behaviors.
22. One reason to examine possible underlying causes for a child’s misbehavior before deciding that the child’s behavior needs to be changed is
a.to avoid giving the child a clue that the behavior is of concern to adults.
b.because some underlying factors that affect behavior are more under the adults’ power to change than under the child’s control.
c.to determine whether the child needs psychoanalysis.
d.to get parents to take responsibility for their child’s behavior.
23. An unidentified allergy could affect a child’s behavior by causing
b.short attention span.d.All of these answers.
24. Some children who appear restless, have a short attention span, and lack impulse control may be suffering from
a.cerebral palsy.c.prenatal exposure to drugs.
b.a visual disability.d.temperamental disorder.
25. A child who follows a regular cycle in sleeping and eating, readily adapts to change, enjoys new experiences, and has a reasonable attention span is said to have the temperament of a[n] ____ child.
26. According to research by Patterson and his colleagues, poor parental discipline can lead to
a.conduct disorders in early childhood.c.children who cry often.
b.divorce.d.overly compliant children.
27. Children with attachment disorder have
a.problems with distance vision.c.the tendency to cling to teachers.
b.problems with distance vision.d.impaired cognitive skills.
28. When a child hurts another child, the act of hurting is labeled aggressive if the child
a.knocks over blocks in rushing across the room, and one of those blocks hits another child.
b.badly hurt the other child.
c.intended to hurt the other child.
d.All of these answers.
29. The ethical dilemma involved in dealing with aggressive behavior is
a.whether to spank a child who hurts others.
b.weighing the needs of the total group for a reasonably safe and peaceful environment and the child’s need for appropriate guidance.
c.whether the teacher should assume a role that ought to be undertaken only by the parents.
d.whether the parents of the other children should be told that a child in the class is aggressive.
30. Ignoring aggressive behaviors
a.usually makes such behaviors eventually go away.
b.sends the child a subtle message that the adults approve of the behavior.
c.decreases aggressive behaviors, but only gradually.
d.works only if all the adults and children ignore all aggressive acts.
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