Metabolism is a term that describes
A) all work done by a living organism.
B) all chemical reactions that take place within an organism.
C) only chemical reactions that release ATP from living cells.
D) the energy released from chemical bonds in living cells.
E) the extraction of nutrients from biomolecules.
12) Anabolism is a term that describes
A) reactions that release energy.
B) reactions that require a net input of energy.
C) reactions that result in the synthesis of large biomolecules.
D) reactions that release energy and reactions that result in the synthesis of large biomolecules.
E) reactions that require a net input of energy and reactions that result in the synthesis of large biomolecules.
13) The brain relies solely on ________ as its energy source. If it is deprived of this substrate, the cells soon die.
A) fatty acids
C) amino acids
14) Gluconeogenesis refers to
A) converting glucose to glycogen storage.
B) removing glucose from storage as glycogen.
C) creating glucose from glycerol, amino acids, or lactate.
D) converting glucose to storage as adipose tissue.
E) removing fatty acids from adipose storage.
15) An enzyme that digests fats is
16) The liver and skeletal muscles store glucose as ________ for a ready energy source.
E) ketone bodies
17) Which is NOT produced in the body for the purpose of storing extra calories?
D) All of these are produced in the body for that purpose.
18) The nutrients that yield the most energy per gram when metabolized are
D) nucleic acids.
19) Diet-induced thermogenesis is highest after ingestion of
A) spicy foods, like jalapeno peppers.
20) The synthesis of glucose from a noncarbohydrate precursor is referred to as
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