Match each term with the correct definition.
a. The next-best thing that must be foregone in order to product one more unit of a given product.
b. The pleasure, happiness, or satisfaction obtained from consuming a good or service.
c. The social science concerned with how individuals, institutions, and society make optimal (best) choices under conditions of scarcity.
d. Making choices based on comparing marginal benefits with marginal costs.
2. Indicate whether each of the following statements applies to microeconomics or macroeconomics:
a. The unemployment rate in the United States was 8.1 percent in August 2012.
b. A U.S. software firm discharged 15 workers last month and transferred the work to India.
c. An unexpected freeze in central Florida reduced the citrus crop and caused the price of oranges to rise.
d. U.S. output, adjusted for inflation, decreased by 2.4 percent in 2009.
e. Last week Wells Fargo Bank lowered its interest rate on business loans by one-half of 1 percentage point.
f. The consumer price index rose by 3.8 percent from August 2011 to August 2012.
3. Suppose that you initially have $100 to spend on books or movie tickets. The books start off costing $25 each and the movie tickets start off costing $10 each. For each of the following situations, would the attainable set of combinations that you can afford increase or decrease?
a. Your budget increases from $100 to $150 while the prices stay the same.
b. Your budget remains $100, the price of books remains $25, but the price of movie tickets rises to $20.
c. Your budget remains $100, the price of movie tickets remains $10, but the price of a book falls to $15.
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