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Long-term orientation is best defined as The degree of social inequality The identity of an individual is not based on the identity of his or her collective

Long-term orientation is best defined as:

a.The degree of social inequality.

b.The identity of an individual is not based on the identity of his or her collective group.

c.Sex role differentiation.

d.The extent to which people accept ambiguous situations.

e.Emphasis on perseverance and savings.

12.Which of the following are true regarding cultures and strategic choices?

a.Managers in high power distance countries have a greater penchant for centralized authority.

b.Solicitation of subordinate feedback and participation is a sign of weak leadership in high power distance countries.

c.Individualistic cultures prefer more formal contractual safeguards in alliances than collectivistic cultures.

d.Managers in low uncertainty avoidance countries rely more on experience and training.

e.All of the above.

13.Which tends to be true of masculine cultures?

a.May have a relative advantage in small-scale, customized manufacturing.

b.May be at a disadvantage in making products efficiently, well and fast.

c.Stereotypical manager is decisive.

d.Stereotypical manager is accustomed to seeking consensus.

e.None of the above.

14.The norms, principles and standards of conduct that govern behavior:

a.Are an important part of national culture but not organizational culture.

b.Are private matters and not issues for formal institutions.

c.Have a substantial overlap with what is illegal.

d.Are sometimes ignored in the case of downsizing.

e.All of the above.

15.Which is the instrumental view regarding motivation to become ethical?

a.Jump on the “bandwagon” to appear more legitimate without becoming more ethical.

b.Be self-motivated to “do it right” regardless of social pressures.

c.Good ethics are a way to achieve good profits.

d.Ethics is an instrument to impose the values of the elite on the masses.

e.Ethics is a game that is played like a musical instrument.

16.Ethical imperialism is best expressed by which of the following:

a.“When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”

b.“There is only one set of Ethics, and we have it”

c.“Respect for human dignity and basic rights should be the absolute, minimal ethical threshold for ALL operations around the world.”

d.“The abuse of public power for private benefit.”

e.“Ignore corruption.”

17.Strong correlation between high level of corruption and low level of economic development is evidenced by:

a.China’s low level of corruption and high level of economic development.

b.China’s high level of corruption and low level of economic development.

c.Indonesia’s low level of corruption and high level of economic development.

d.Indonesia’s high level of corruption and low level of economic development.

e.None of the above.

18.The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) bans:

a.Bribery to American officials by companies based in other countries.

b.Bribery to foreign officials by companies based in the U.S.

c.Bribery to American officials by companies based in the U.S. but operating overseas.

d.Bribery to foreign officials by companies based overseas.

e.Bribery to all officials everywhere by companies based anywhere.

19.Which best defines an accommodative strategy?

a.Firms do not feel compelled to act unless faced with a disaster or public outcry.

b.Denial is the first line of defense.

c.Focus on regulatory compliance, firm fights demand for changes unless they are regulatory.

d.Organizational norms emerge to accept responsibility for actions – cognitive beliefs/values that promote ethical choices are internalized.

e.Firms constantly anticipate institutional changes and do more than is required to act ethically and responsibly.

20.In regards to individualism vs. collectivism:

a.Collectivists never discriminate against out-group members and may be more opportunistic when dealing with in-group members.

b.Individualists make more distinction between in-group and out-group membership.

c.Individualists are more opportunistic when dealing with in-group members.

d.Individualists may view social interactions/activities as related to the business at hand.

e.Collectivists may view social interactions/activities as unessential and wasteful of resources.

Feb 14 2020 View more View Less

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