James borrows $300,000 for a home from Bank A. Bank A resells the right to collect on that loan to Bank B. Bank B securitizes that loan with hundreds of others and sells the resulting security to a state pension plan, which at the same time purchases an insurance policy from AIG that will pay off if James and the other people whose mortgages are in the security can’t pay off their mortgage loans. Suppose that James and all the other people can’t pay off their mortgages. Which financial entity is legally obligated to suffer the loss?
a. Bank A.
b. Bank B.
c. The state pension plan.
8. City Bank is considering making a $50 million loan to a company named SheetOil that wants to commercialize a process for turning used blankets, pillowcases, and sheets into oil. This company’s chances for success are dubious, but City Bank makes the loan anyway because it believes that the government will bail it out if SheetOil goes bankrupt and cannot repay the loan. City Bank’s decision to make the loan has been affected by:
b. Moral hazard.
c. Token money.
9. True or False: The financial crisis hastened the ongoing process in which the financial services industry was transforming from having a few large firms to many small firms.
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