It is a normal practice to categorize management into three basic levels: top managemen
It is a normal practice to categorize management into three basic levels: top management, middle management and supervisory or first-level management. The managers at these three levels require different kinds of skills to perform the functions associated with their jobs. The major difference in skill requirements between middle and top managers is that
(a)Top managers must generally be more skilled than middle managers in every respect
(b)Top managers require better interpersonal skills but less conceptual skills than middle
(c)Top managers generally require better technical and interpersonal skills than middle
(d)Top managers generally require higher level conceptual skills but less technical skills
than middle managers
(e)Middle managers require better technical and conceptual skills than top managers.