Industrial democracy is primarily marked by:
A) worker involvement in plant and corporate level decisions.
B) union involvement in political rather than economic issues.
C) managers who allow nonunion employees to vote on union issues.
D) union representatives who hold executive positions on corporate boards.
57) Codetermination is best defined as:
A) union-government cooperation to set national wages.
B) the political involvement of unions in Great Britain.
C) another term for enterprise unions in Japan.
D) worker representation on a corporation's board.
58) In Japan, workers at large corporations are represented by:
A) business unions.
B) work councils.
C) enterprise unions.
D) labor specialists.
59) The lifelong employment policy in Japan has:
A) encouraged cooperation between unions and management.
B) significantly decreased employees' desire to unionize.
C) created hostility between unions and management.
D) reduced union influence and bargaining strength.
60) Which of the following is the best comparison of the Japanese and U.S. labor relations systems?
A) Japan's labor system promotes industrial democracy, while the U.S. labor system does not.
B) The U.S. labor relations system fosters greater trust between unions and management than does the Japanese system.
C) Japan's unions have been decreasing in number as lifelong employment policies become weaker, while U.S. unions in both the private and public sector are growing.
D) Japan's labor relations system leads to close personal relationships among managers, union leaders, and workers, while the U.S. system tends to be adversarial.
Additional Case 15.2
TimeTable, Inc. plans to expand its manufacturing facilities. It is considering expansion either here in the United States or in Europe—Germany, Sweden, Great Britain, or France. It may also look at Japan or China, but those are currently second-tier choices.
In selecting a country, the CEO wants to avoid political involvement. While friendly toward unions, he doesn't want a union that is politically oriented. In fact, the CEO of TimeTable was once a union official. He went through a career change, earned an MBA, and moved into the executive management ranks about ten years ago.
TimeTable has a strong positive working relationship with its union. Management feels the NLRB is wrong in its ruling about the Wagner Act and is aggressively building labor-management teams. The CEO of TimeTable is even considering giving the union a seat on the board of directors.
61) Refer to Additional Case 15.2. Based on TimeTable's opinion of the Wagner Act, which country would be most appropriate?
D) Great Britain
62) Refer to Additional Case 15.2. Based on TimeTable's CEO's attitudes about politically active unions, which country would be LEAST appropriate?
63) Refer to Additional Case 15.2. TimeTable's CEO's career experiences are similar to the CEOs of major corporations in which country?
D) Great Britain
64) French labor unions tend to be more politically than economically focused.
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