a. If everyone has the same marginal rate of substitution, then the allocation of resources is Pareto efficient.
b. If the allocation of .resources is Pareto efficient, then everyone has the same marginal rate of substitution.
c. A policy change increases social welfare if, and only if, it represents a Pareto improvement A An increase in a states cigarette tax in order to fund education is a Pareto-improving policy.
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