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# In integrative problem 86 in Chapter 4 you were asked to calculate Carmins gross income for 2013 This is the second phase which provides the additional information necessary for you to calculate

In integrative problem 86 in Chapter 4, you were asked to calculate Carmin’s gross

income for 2013. This is the second phase, which provides the additional information
necessary for you to calculate her taxable income, income tax liability, and
additional tax (or refund due). NOTE: The gross income items from problem 86
still apply. However, some additional items might affect the amount of gross
income that Carmin must report. That is, several items included in the gross
income from integrative problem 86 are either not reported as gross income or
need to be combined with the additional information in this problem to determine
the correct treatment. Therefore, you should make the appropriate adjustments to
gross income in integrative problem 86, and begin your tax calculation under the
From this point on, any items of gross income from the information in this
problem should be listed to determine gross income for tax purposes. You do not
need to list all the individual gross income items from integrative problem 86 in
gross income figure as part of your discussion of the solution.
Carmin has the following amounts withheld from her paycheck for the payment
of state income taxes, federal taxes, and Social Security taxes:
State income taxes \$4,768
Federal income taxes 9,723
Social Security taxes 6,120

In addition, Carmin makes timely federal estimated tax payments of \$400 per
quarter and estimated state tax payments of \$150 per quarter. To minimize her tax
liability, she makes her last estimated state tax payment on December 31, 2013.
Because of her busy work schedule, Carmin is unable to give her accountant
the tax documents necessary for filing her 2012 state and federal income tax return
by the due date (April 15, 2013). In filing her extension on April 15, 2013, she
makes a state tax payment of \$245 and a federal tax payment of \$750. Her return
is eventually filed on June 25, 2013. In August 2013, she receives a federal refund
of \$180 and a state tax refund of \$60.
Carmin pays \$1,980 in real estate taxes on her principal residence. The real
estate tax is used to pay for town schools and other municipal services. The town
also has 5 fire districts, which levy a separate tax (i.e., fire tax) to fund each district’s
fire department. The fire tax is based on the assessed value of the taxpayer’s home.
Carmin pays \$170 in fire tax during the year.
Carmin drives a 2012 Tarago 919 Wagon. Her car registration costs \$50 and
covers the period 1/1/13 through 12/31/13. In addition, she pays \$280 in property
tax to the town, based on the book value of the car.
In addition to the medical costs presented in problem 85 in Chapter 4, Carmin
incurs the following unreimbursed medical costs:
Dentist \$310
Doctor 390
Prescription drugs 215
Over-the-counter drugs 140
Optometrist 125
Emergency room charges 440
Chiropractor 265
On March 1, Carmin takes advantage of low interest rates and refinances her
\$75,000 home mortgage. The new home loan is for 15 years. Carmin and her exhusband
paid \$90,000 for the house in 2002. The house is worth \$155,000. She
pays \$215 in closing costs and \$1,800 in points to obtain the loan. As part of the
refinancing arrangement, she also obtains a \$10,000 home equity loan. She uses
the proceeds from the home equity loan to remodel the kitchen and bathroom and
to reduce the balances on her credit cards. Her home mortgage interest for the
year is \$6,500, and her home equity loan interest is \$850. She incurs interest on
her Chargit credit card of \$410 and \$88 on her Myers Department Store card.
The interest on her car loan from Tarago Financing Corporation is \$350.
Carmin receives the following information on her investment in Grubstake
Mining and Development:
Ordinary income \$7,400
Short-term capital gain 300
Long-term capital loss 5,200
Charitable contribution 500
In May 2013, she contributes clothing to the Salvation Army. The original cost
of the clothing was \$740. She receives a statement from the Salvation Army valuing
the donation at \$360. In addition, she makes the following cash contributions:
Larkin College \$850
United Way 125
First Methodist Church 790
Amos House (homeless shelter) 200
Kappa Delta Delta Sorority 150
Local Chamber of Commerce 100
Carmin sells real estate in the evenings and on weekends. She runs the business
from a 600-square-foot office in her basement. She has been operating in a businesslike
way since April 2004 and has always shown a profit. She has the following
income and expenses from her business:

Commissions \$24,230
Telephone 550
Carmin has a separate telephone line to her office. The \$550 telephone cost
includes a \$30 monthly fee and \$190 in long-distance calls related to her business.
Carmin uses her car in her business and properly documents 8,000 businessrelated
miles. The business and personal use of her car during the year total 20,000
miles. In 2012, Carmin elected to use the standard mileage method to calculate
her car expenses. She spends \$85 on tolls and \$225 on parking related to her real
Carmin incurs the following expenses in operating her home:
Water \$ 205
Electricity 980
Gas 630
Insurance 1,470
The living area of Carmin’s house (not including the basement) measures
2,400 square feet. When she started her business in April 2005, the fair market
value of the house was \$100,000. Approximately 10% of the purchase price is attributable
to the land. Depreciation on the house (unallocated) for 2013 would be
\$2,077.
In April, Carmin’s house is robbed. She apparently interrupted the burglar
because all that’s missing is an antique brooch she inherited from her grandmother
and \$300 in cash. Unfortunately, she didn’t have a separate rider on her insurance
policy covering the jewelry. Therefore, the insurance company reimburses her only
\$500 for the brooch. When her grandmother died in 2010, the fair market value
of the pin was \$6,000. The fair market value of the pin at the date of the theft is
\$7,500. Her insurance policy also limits to \$100 the amount of cash that can be
claimed in a theft.
Carmin’s company has an accountable employee expense reimbursement plan
from which Carmin receives \$10,800 for the following expenses:
Airfare \$4,700
Hotels 3,400
Meals 2,000
Car rentals 600
Entertainment 900
Incidentals 400
During the year, she also pays \$295 for business publications and \$775 for a
local accountant to prepare her 2012 tax return. The bill from the accountant indicated
that preparation of the business portion of Carmin’s return cost \$550.
In 2011, Carmin loaned \$10,000 to her ex-husband Ray so he could start a
new business. Their loan agreement requires Ray to pay Carmin 8% interest on the
unpaid balance of the loan on December 31 of each year and to begin repaying the
loan in \$2,500 annual installments on July 1, 2013. Carmin receives the interest
on the loan during 2011 and 2012. In March 2013, she receives a letter informing
her that Ray has filed for bankruptcy. On February 22, 2014, the bankruptcy court
awards all creditors 40% of their claims on Ray’s assets.
Calculate Carmin’s taxable income, income tax liability, and tax (or refund)
due on her 2013 tax return. Then do one or both of the following, according to
a. Include a brief explanation of how you determined each deduction and any
item you did not treat as a deduction. Your solution to the problem should
contain a list of each deduction and its amount, with the explanations
attached.

Write a letter to Carmin explaining how you determined each deduction and
any items you did not treat as a deduction. You should include a list of each
deduction and its amount.

****This is the answer to Chapter 4 Integrative problem 86.... I really need to understand how to determine the new adjusted gross income to begin this problem.

 Salary \$ 80,000 Pension contribution (non taxable) (6,400) Flex plan contribution (2,500) Whole life insurance premiums 490 Group life insurance premium in excess of \$50,000 coverage* 96 Parking (280-245)*12 420 Health club dues 900 Sweepstakes winnings (\$5,000/10) 500 General Dynamics common stock 300 City of Toronto bonds 1,600 S Corporation Proceeds 2,000 Disability Payment 1,200 Social Security (600*.85) 510 Alimony (\$100x12) not taxable (1,200) Rental income** (1,660) Gain on Nebraska bond (\$1,900-80-1710) 110 Gain on Cassel Stock (\$8900-450-9630) (1,180) Taxable Income (adjusted gross) \$ 75,186

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