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From the self-in-context view, ________ is a time for developing emotional competence, whi

From the self-in-context view, ________ is a time for developing emotional competence, which involves being able to delay gratification.

a.infancy

b.early childhood

  1.                 middle childhood
  2.                pubescence

 

 

12.From the self-in-context view, ________ is a period of searching for an identity, continuing to find one’s voice, and balancing caring of self with caring about others.

a.middle age

b.adolescence

c.middle childhood

d.pubescence

 

 

13.Barbara wants to be the “perfect mother.” She tends to be overprotective, doing things for her 3-year-old daughter that the child can very well do for herself. According to Erikson, although Barbara thinks she is being an effective parent, her daughter is likely to develop a sense of

a.shame and doubt about her capabilities.

b.guilt over her inadequacies.

c.low self-esteem.

d.right and wrong.

 

 

14. From the self-in-context view, ________ is a time for increasing one’s understanding of one’s self in terms of gender, race, culture, and abilities, as well as a time for developing empathy.

a.pubescence

b.early adulthood

c.middle childhood

d. adolescence

 

 

15.Parents who squelch any emerging individuality and who do too much for their children are indirectly saying

a.“Let us do this for you, because you’re too clumsy, too slow, or too inept to do things for yourself.”

b.“You are so special to us that we will do everything for you.”

c.“If you make mistakes, you will feel bad about yourself, so we will help you establish a healthy dependency on us.”

d.“We will do for you what you can’t do for yourself, so you won’t have to feel failure.”

 

 

16.According to Erikson, during the preschool years children will

a.initiate many of their own activities.

b.widen their circle of significant persons.

  1.                 identify with their own gender.
  2.                increase their capacity to understand and use language.
  3.                 all of these

 

 

17.According to Erikson, the conflict that characterizes the preschool years is

a.initiative vs. guilt.

b.autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

c.industry vs. inferiority.

d.trust vs. mistrust.

 

 

18.Attachment theory is an extension of

a.    cognitive behavioral theory

b.    gestalt theory

c.    psychoanalysis

d.    existentialism

 

 

19.Annie feels incompetent in many areas of her life. She is fearful of being seen as foolish, so she seldom initiates any action. During her preschool years, many of her actions were ridiculed by family members and she ultimately withdrew from taking an active stance. According to Erikson, Annie failed to overcome the barriers associated with the following stage of development:

a.trust vs. mistrust.

b.autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

c.industry vs. inferiority

d.initiative vs. guilt

 

 

20.According to Erikson, a child of preschool age who is unduly restricted or whose choices are ridiculed tends to experience

a.an inability to know right from wrong.

b.a sense of guilt, that will ultimately lead to a withdrawal from taking an active stance.

c.a rebellious nature.

d.difficulty being empathic with playmates.

Dec 12 2019 View more View Less

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