Essentials of Economics 4th Edition, 2015 ISBN-13: 9780133543391 Author(s): Glenn Hubbard
An economic ________ is a simplified version of some aspect of economic life used to analyze
an economic issue.
a. variable b. market c. model d. trade-off
Suppose a hat manufacturer currently sells 2,000 hats per week and makes a profit of $5,000 per week. The plant owner observes, “Although the last 300 hats we produced and sold increased our revenue by $1,000 and our costs by $1,100, we are still making an overall profit of $5,000 per week so I think we’re on the right track. We are producing the optimal number of hats.”
Refer to Scenario 1-2. Had the firm not produced and sold the last 300 hats, would its profit be higher or lower, and if so by how much?
Its profit will be $1,100 higher.
Its profit will be $1,000 lower.
Its profit will be $100 lower.
Its profit will be $100 higher.
The term market in economics refers to:
a place where money changes hands.
a legal institution where exchange can take place.
a group of buyers and sellers of a product and the arrangement by which they come
together to trade.
an organization which sells goods and services.
Suppose a t-shirt manufacturer currently sells 5,000 t-shirts per week and makes a profit of $10,000 per week. A manager at the plant observes, “Although the last 400 t-shirts we produced and sold increased our revenue by $4,000 and our costs by $4,800, we are still making an overall profit of $10,000 per week so I think we’re on the right track. We are producing the optimal number of t-shirts.”
Refer to Scenario 1-3. Using marginal analysis terminology, what is another economic term for the incremental cost of producing the last 400 t-shirts?
Any of the above terms are correct.