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Defense mechanisms can be thought of as a.unhealthy reactions to stress

Defense mechanisms can be thought of as

a.unhealthy reactions to stress.

b.most effective when used as the primary means to cope with stress.

  1.                 psychological strategies that we use to protect our self-concept against unpleasant emotions.
  2.                reactions used primarily by mentally distressed individuals.

 

 

For numbers 33-37, match the defense mechanism with the most appropriate definition below.

 

33.Regression

 

 

  1. Reaction formation

 

  1. Displacement

 

 

  1. Projection   PG: 57

 

 

  1. Rationalization

 

 

a.attributing to others our own unacceptable desires and impulses

b.redirecting emotional, usually hostile, impulses from the real object to a substitute person or object

c.behaving in a manner contrary to one’s real feelings

d.exhibiting immature behavior that was earlier outgrown

e.manufacturing a false, but “good,” excuse to justify unacceptable behavior

 

38.Matt’s parents claim that their teenage son is not using drugs, even though they found paraphernalia in his room. This is an example of

a.rationalization.

b.denial.

  1.                 repression.
  2.                compensation.

 

 

39.Richard came home and yelled at his wife after his boss had chastised him for making an accounting error when doing the quarterly reports. This is an example of

a.reaction formation.

b.rationalization.

  1.                 displacement.
  2.                projection.

 

 

40.Helen is a college student who suffers from test anxiety and fear of failure. These problems began during early childhood when she started school younger than her peers. She failed at tasks that were easily accomplished by most of her schoolmates. Although Helen knows she has problems taking tests, she does not remember the traumatic events that led to her fear of failure. She is using the following defense mechanism:

a.regression.

b.displacement.

  1.                 projection.
  2.                repression.

 

 

 

Dec 12 2019 View more View Less

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