Defense mechanisms can be thought of as
a.unhealthy reactions to stress.
b.most effective when used as the primary means to cope with stress.
For numbers 33-37, match the defense mechanism with the most appropriate definition below.
a.attributing to others our own unacceptable desires and impulses
b.redirecting emotional, usually hostile, impulses from the real object to a substitute person or object
c.behaving in a manner contrary to one’s real feelings
d.exhibiting immature behavior that was earlier outgrown
e.manufacturing a false, but “good,” excuse to justify unacceptable behavior
38.Matt’s parents claim that their teenage son is not using drugs, even though they found paraphernalia in his room. This is an example of
39.Richard came home and yelled at his wife after his boss had chastised him for making an accounting error when doing the quarterly reports. This is an example of
40.Helen is a college student who suffers from test anxiety and fear of failure. These problems began during early childhood when she started school younger than her peers. She failed at tasks that were easily accomplished by most of her schoolmates. Although Helen knows she has problems taking tests, she does not remember the traumatic events that led to her fear of failure. She is using the following defense mechanism:
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