Consider the following experiment, similar to one that was conducted by Smith, Lingle, and Brock (1978). Each participant interacted for an hour with another person who was actually an accomplice. After this interaction, both persons agree to return 1 week later for another session with each other. When the real participants returned, they were informed that the person they had met the week before had died. The researchers then measured reactions to the death of the person.
a. What are two potential ethical concerns with the study? Explain.
b. How at least one of these concerns can be alleviated?
c. Which alternative method for studying the same research question might you suggest(be specific about how you could design a different study)?
2. Describe a time in your life when 1) you did not conform and 2) when you disobeyed an authority figure(if you can’t think of your own example, think of an example from the life of a close other). Review at least one factor from Asch’sand at least one factor from Milgram’s study that allowed you to go against the group in the first case, and against the authority figure in the second case. Make sure to explain what was found in these variations, and how it applies to your examples.
3. Define and give examples of compliance, identification, and internalization.Which of these has the most permanent influence on an individual’s behavior, and why? What are the social-psychological processes underlying the effects of each of them?
4. Imagine that you need help with a difficult science project. Explain at least twofactors in helping behaviors demonstrated in social psychology, and how you could use them in your situation. Describe at least one research study that provides supportive evidence for the factor(s) you are discussing. What shouldn’t you do when asking for help, and why?
5. What are potential harmful effects of the current media(you can talk about more than one type of media)? In your discussion, use at least one argument from Shirley Turkle’s “Always On” chapter. Also, discuss specific research on the harmful effects of media from your textbook. How can we resist some of these harmful effects?
6. What is sexual objectification(think about the word “object,” and what it means)? According to the “Miss Representation” video, how women’s sexual objectification is promoted by the media, and what are its harmful consequences (mainly for women, but you can also consider men)? Specifically, explain how sexual objectification is related to the representation of women in politics and other positions of power?Is sexual objectification always harmful, or are there circumstances in which it can be ok, or even desirable (note that there is no right and wrong answer here, but you need to explain your opinion)?
7. Choose an advertisement that you think is persuasive. Briefly describe the advertisement, and explain what makes it persuasive. In your explanation, refer to at least two factors discussed in the lecture and/or textbook. Describe research in support of both of these factors. Did the advertisement use, central, peripheral route of persuasion, or both? Explain.
8. Many colleges encourage students to do a service project every year. Imagine you have been hired by the president of your school to develop an advertising campaign to increase voluntary participation. Use either a logic-based message or a fear-based message. Please briefly describe your campaign. By using social psychology theory/research, explain why you chose either fear or logic-based message in your situation. How might you consider your audience when designing your campaign (again, support your argument with the relevant social psychology research and/or theory)?
9. In the textbook, the authors make the distinction between the “distasteful” and “abusive” speech. Explain what the authors mean by these terms, and how they argue for the usefulness of the distasteful speech, but not abusive speech.You can discuss the examples given by the authors, but also think of your own example. What is your opinion: should distasteful speech be practiced? Why/why not?
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