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Children become a functional part of society, learning society’s rules and values, throug

 Children become a functional part of society, learning society’s rules and values, through the process of


2.              Children gradually acquire an understanding of other people, relationships, other people’s problems, and how others feel. This evolving awareness is called cognition.


c.consideration reinforcement for all language-like utterances.


3.              The behaviorist theory that considers that reinforcement is not always necessary for learning is called

a.cognitive theory.c.psychoanalytic theory. learning theory.d.psychosocial theory.

4.              Children watching and imitating a model can be considered to be learning social behaviors through the process of

a.empathy.c.observational learning.

b.classification.d.forming new schemata.

5.              Children are more likely to imitate models

a.whom they like.

b.whom they see being rewarded.

c.who are nurturing and warm toward them.

d.All of these answers.

6.              Vygotsky’s theory underscores the importance of teachers in the socialization of children because it

a.stresses direct teaching methods.

b.considers them as the primary conveyors of society’s rules and expectations.

c.considers them as contributing toward the transmission of cultural and social skills.

d.All of these answers.

7.              In Vygotsky’s terms, teachers provide ____ to children when they offer guidance in helping them learn socially relevant skills.

a.scaffoldingc.guided observation


8.              Good social skills built during the infant, toddler, and preschool years result in children who

a.function comfortably in their social world.

b.enjoy close friendships.

c.have a sense of group belonging.

d.All of these answers.

9.              The teacher’s role in relation to children’s socialization is to

a.stand back and not interfere so that children learn through experience. intimately involved in all aspects of children’s play so that they will learn how to interact through the teacher’s modeling.

c.provide time, space, and materials to encourage socialization, and to facilitate play as needed without interfering.

d.interact and talk frequently with other adults to model appropriate interaction skills.

10.              Heterogeneous or mixed-age grouping has been shown to encourage

a.cooperation and sharing.

b.leadership skill and helpfulness in older children.

c.more complex forms of play in younger children.

d.All of these answers.


Dec 12 2019 View more View Less

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