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Assume that a business firm finds that its profit is greatest when it produces $40 worth

Assume that a business firm finds that its profit is greatest when it produces $40 worth

 Assume that a business firm finds that its profit is greatest when it produces $40 worth of product A. Suppose also that each of the three techniques shown in the table below will produce the desired output.

                                                 Resource units required

Resource

Price per unit

Technique #1

Technique #2

Technique #3

Labor

$3

5

2

3

Land

$4

2

4

2

Capital

$2

2

4

5

Entrepreneurial ability

$2

4

2

4

 

a. With the resource prices shown, which technique will the firm choose? Why? Will production using that technique entail profit or loss? What will be the amount of that profit or loss? Will the industry expand or contract? When will that expansion or contraction end?

b. Assume now that a new technique, technique 4, is developed. It combines 2 units of labor, 2 of land, 6 of capital, and 3 of entrepreneurial ability. In view of the resource prices in the table, will the firm adopt the new technique? Explain your answer.

c. Suppose that an increase in the labor supply causes the price of labor to fall to $1.50 per unit, all other resource prices remaining unchanged. Which technique will the producer now choose? Explain.

d. “The market system causes the economy to conserve most in the use of resources that are particularly scarce in supply. Resources that are scarcest relative to the demand for them have the highest prices. As a result, producers use these resources as sparingly as is possible.” Evaluate this statement. Does your answer to part c, above, bear out this contention? Explain.

Abhinav 05-Dec-2019

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