An expressway off-ramp consisting of a single lane leads directly to a tollbooth. The rate of arrival of vehicles at the expressway can be considered to be Poisson with a mean of
45 veh/h, and the rate of service to vehicles can be assumed to be exponentially distri-buted with a mean of 1 min.
(a) What is the average number of vehicles waiting to be served at the booth (that is, the number of vehicles in queue, not including the vehicle being served)? (b) What is the length of the ramp required to provide storage for all exiting vehicles 90 percent of the time? Assume the average length of a vehicle is 18 ft and that there is an average space of 10 ft between consecutive vehicles waiting to be served. (c) What is the average waiting time a driver waits before being served at the tollbooth (that is. the average waiting time in the queue)?
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