Among the two most important methods economists use to identify illegal discrimination are
A)lottery number analysis.
D)“regression” techniques and “audit” methods.
32.When government agents are sent as actors into a bank to test whether loans are more likely to be granted to whites than blacks they are using a statistical technique called
33.When government agents use real life data on bank loans to determine if whites and blacks are treated equally they are using the statistical technique called
34.When government agents are sent as actors into a bank to test whether loans are more likely to be granted to males than females they are using a statistical technique called
35.When government agents use real life data on bank loans to determine if males and females are treated equally they are using the statistical technique called
36.Using supply and demand to model employment discrimination, if blacks are legally confined to certain professions then the ______ for workers in these professions is inefficiently ______.
37.Using supply and demand to model employment discrimination, if blacks are legally confined to certain professions then the wage paid to whites in other professions will be ______ and the wage paid to blacks will be ______.
A)just right; inefficiently low
B)inefficiently high; inefficiently low
C)just right; inefficiently high
D)inefficiently high; just right
38.Many economists suggest that absent legal mechanisms of discrimination, the wage paid to whites and blacks will converge because
A)if employers can hire whites and blacks at the same wage they will hire equal numbers.
B)employers will feel guilty about hiring only whites.
C)employers will feel guilty about paying whites more when other firms pay equally.
D)it will be in the interest of profit minded employers to hire blacks, thus bidding up their wages.
39.The removal of legal barriers alone may not be sufficient to eliminate the pay gap between whites and blacks because the increased competition may not be able to overcome
A)the wide gap in pay.
B)employer preferences to discriminate.
C)customer preferences that lead employers to discriminate.
D)employer preferences to discriminate and customer preferences that lead employers to discriminate.
40.If a restaurant in an integrated community has an entirely white wait-staff, economists suggest it is
A)the employer who must be the bigoted party.
B)employers who must be reacting to bigoted consumers.
C)most likely to be due to random chance.
D)either employers discriminating for their own purposes or doing so on behalf of their bigoted customers.
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