A teacher who is concerned about a child in the class who seems to experience consistent difficulties in one or more areas of development should
a.continue to provide a good early childhood program in the hopes that the child will soon catch up.
b.document the concerns and discuss them with the child’s parents.
c.call the child’s pediatrician to see whether the doctor also shares the concerns.
d.suggest to the parents that the child be placed in a special education class to receive therapy and specialized attention.
53. Cerebral palsy is
a.a central nervous system dysfunction that can cause a range of problems from slight awkwardness to total helplessness.
b.a problem of unknown origin that leaves a child both physically and mentally impaired.
c.a spinal malformation that causes problems in walking and may result in a child being wheelchair-bound.
d.a physical disability that can usually be remedied through surgery and physical therapy.
54. Cognitive disabilities are usually measured through
a.a developmental test.c.an IQ test.
b.a physical examination.d.careful observation over a period of time.
55. Children with cognitive deficits who are most commonly integrated into early childhood programs are those categorized as
a.slow learners and educable mentally retarded.
b.slow learners, educable mentally retarded, and trainable.
c.educable mentally retarded.
d.educable mentally retarded and trainable.
56. Children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol effect seem to do best in an environment that
a.allows them the freedom to do whatever they want because they probably are not allowed to exercise much autonomy at home.
b.strictly enforces rules and allows no deviation from these.
c.is structured and predictable.
d.All of these answers.
57. Universal Precautions dictate that
a.teachers not allow children to bite others.
b.items on which there is blood or other body fluids be handled with latex gloves and disposed of appropriately and safely.
c.children with the flu or colds have to stay home.
d.All of these answers.
58. Children with learning disabilities can, most broadly, be described as
a.hyperactive.c.being below average in intelligence.
b.having problems processing information.d.displaying behavior problems.
59. ADHD is short for
a.attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
b.attention deficiency-hearing deficiency.
c.a difficult hard decision.
d.a rare form of cerebral palsy called atro-deco-hypo-deficiency.
60. Not all visual impairments are diagnosed at an early age. It is estimated that as many as ____ percent of children have some degree of visual impairment.
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