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A Rhetorical Analysis is the act of looking closely at a piece of writing to see how the separate components of its argument fit together An author may attempt to convince an audience or reader by ap

A Rhetorical Analysis is the act of looking closely at a piece of writing to see how the separate components of its argument fit together. An author may attempt to convince an audience or reader by appealing to evidence and rational argument is only one way of making an argument. In some situations, a more convincing case may be achieved by appealing to the reader or audience at an emotional level. The goal of rhetorical analysis is to analyze and understand a text by breaking it down into its constitutive elements. Instructions1. Find an article: You can use one of the following essays from your textbook.?Five Years Later, The Huffington Post (And Online Media) Are Coming of Age by Blodgett on p.293-296. ***Must cite textbook only***?If Technology is Making Us Stupid, Its Not Technologys Fault by Goldberg on pp.

301-303. ***Must cite textbook only***?You can also choose to find an editorial on your own. Editorials are written by columnists whose work appears in the Opinion or Editorial section of a newspaper. Editorials are different from newspaper articles because they state an opinion. In other words, all editorial columnists make a claim. Some columnists support their positions (claim) better than others. Certainly, any editorial can be analyzed for its effectiveness. I have listed some popular columnists on the bottom of this handout. If you go to the website of a major newspaper (New York Times), just go to their homepage and you will find a link to the Opinion or Editorial page in the menu. If you go to a columnists personal website, there should be a link to their editorial columns in the menu of the homepage. If it is a newspaper website, enter the columnists name into the websites search engine that can be found on the homepage. (If an internet search seems overwhelming to you at this point, you are always welcome to find an actual newspaper, like the Fort Myers Newspress or USA Today. Then, look for the editorial columns on the Opinion pages. In the Fort Myers Newspress, they can be found in the middle of the Local/State section. It is also possible to do the same with a news magazine, such as Newsweek and Time.)

You may use a columnist that is not listed.2. Carefully read the article and determine subject matter and goals of the author. The goal may be to explain or inform the reader about a particular issue or topic. The goal may be to amuse and entertain the reader about a more light-hearted topic or its aim may be motivating or persuading the reader.3. Analyze the rhetorical elements of the author’s writing style. Writers and speakers use words in language in different ways to achieve different effects. Rhetoric recognizes that a speaker or writer persuades his audience with different tools and techniques. Aristotle categorized rhetoric into three categories: logos, ethos and pathos. Logos uses reason and rationality to persuade the reader. Ethos seeks to persuade the reader by appealing to credibility of the writer or another expert.

The expert’s authority, rather than the evidence itself, convinces the reader. Pathos attempts to make the case by appealing to the reader at an emotional level. Pathos may appeal to the reader’s sympathy or compassion, sadness or anger, love or hatred and so forth. Read the text and take notes about the different rhetorical styles used.4. Write a topic outline for your rhetorical analysis. You will be graded on this and must provide this in your submission (and your outline is not included in the required word count; essay only). The essays analysis should have three parts: an introduction, a main body and a conclusion. Divide the main body of the analysis into subsections. The subsections may be devoted to the different rhetorical elements used in the text. These will be your body paragraphs. In other words, you can devote the first body paragraph to examining the context of the argument, another to the authors attitude and tone, another to the rhetorical strategies (analyzing the authors tone), and another to the persuasive appeals.5. Write a strong thesis sentence that clearly states the main points of the analysis. Outline the steps of your argument in the last sentence of the introduction. This should be your thesis (please underline your thesis). Present the different elements of your analysis in the main body of the paper.

Make sure you have clear topics sentences that you can support using specific examples from the primary source as evidence for your analysis. You must use your quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing skills, as well as your MLA documentation skills. Write a one paragraph conclusion that summarizes the central points of the analysis.?There is no research for this assignment. Do not defect authority onto your sources. This is an original argument that will use your primary text as support. Your last essay in this class will utilize all layered criteria from former essays into one essay (e.g., outline, research, structure, tone, mechanics, MLA, et al.).?

Read pp.49 53 in your handbook for additional help writing a rhetorical analysis ?Read pp. 11 in your handbook and pp. 217-218 in your textbook for creating an outline. View your sample essay posted in Canvas. See if your outline (and essay) looks like that one before submitting. List of Columnists?David Brouder (Washington Post)?Richard Cohen (Washington Post)?EJ Dionne, Jr. (Washington Post)?Maureen Dowd (New York Times, USA) ?Thomas Friedman (New York Times, USA) ?Ellen Goodman (Boston Globe)?Bob Herbert (NY Times)?Carl Hiaasen (Miami Herald, USA) ?Jim Hoagland (Washington Post)?Colbert King (Washington Post)?Nicholas D. Kristof (NY Times) ?Kathleen Parker (Washington Post Writers Group, USA) ?Leonard Pitts (Miami Herald, USA)?William Raspberry (Washington Post)?Frank Rich (NY Times)?Thomas Sowell?John Tierney (NY Times)

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