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Which is true of globalized R&D Is often known as innovation-avoidance expense

Which is true of globalized R&D?

a.Is often known as innovation-avoidance expense.

b.One way to access such a high technology and research-rich cluster is to avoid FDI.

c.R&D work performed by different locations and teams around the world virtually guarantees failure.

d.For large firms, there are actually diminishing returns for R&D.

e.Global virtual teams, which do not meet face to face, may overcome communication and relationship barriers.

12.This structure is commonly used in professional service firms:

a.Global account structure.

b.An industry sector structure.

c.Solutions-based structure.

d.All of the above.

e.None of the above.

13.This structure is often used to supply customers (often other MNEs) in a coordinated and consistent way across various countries.

a.Global account structure.

b.An industry sector structure.

c.Solutions-based structure.

d.All of the above.

e.None of the above.

14.Which of the following is a solution rather than a problem in knowledge management?

a.Open innovation.

b.Knowledge leakage.

c.Not invented here syndrome.

d.All of the above.

e.None of the above.

15.Which of the following is not an argument in favor of centralization in knowledge management but instead is an argument in favor of decentralization?

a.Capability to facilitate corporate-wide coordination.

b.Consistency in decision-making.

c.Permits greater speed, flexibility, and innovation.

d.Sufficient power for corporate-level managers to initiate necessary actions.

e.None of the above.

16.Which of the following is not an argument in favor of decentralization in knowledge management but instead is an argument in favor of centralization?

a.Better motivates subsidiary-level managers and employees through empowerment.

b.Reduces corporate level overload of responsibilities.

c.Better motivates subsidiary level managers.

d.Sufficient power for corporate-level managers to initiate necessary actions.

e.All of the above.

17.Which of the following is a customer-focused dimension?

a. Global account structure.

b. An industry sector structure.

c. Solutions-based structure.

d. All of the above.

e. None of the above.

18.Unique to international competition are the pressures for local responsiveness, which are reflected in:

a.Consumer preferences.

b.Distribution channels.

c.Host country demands.

d.A through C above.

e.Shareholder demands.

19.Which of the following is a key idea regarding the reciprocal relationship between strategies and structures within MNEs?

a.The fit between strategies and structures is crucial.

b.The relationship is two way.

c.Strategies and structures are not static.

d.All of the above.

e.A good strategy cancels the effect of a bad structure.

20.Which is not one of the suggestions for international managersthat can be drawn from this chapter?

a.Create a common structure for all MNEs.

b.Understand the nature and evolution of your industry.

c.Actively develop learning and innovation capabilities.

d.Masterthe external rules of the game.

e.Understand and be prepared to change the internal rules of the game.

Feb 14 2020 Read more Less More

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