The use of snowmobiles in Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks has been a topic of ongoing concern because of their impact on park resources. In 2003, the National Park Service (NPS) groomed over 180 miles of park roads at least every other night. As many as 1,700 snowmobiles enter the parks on peak days.
The Fund for Animals and other environmental groups objected to the snowmobile use, and in December 2000, the NPS issued a proposed rule that capped snowmobile use in the winters. The NPS received 5,273 comments during the 30-day public comment period; over 4,300 of these comments supported the proposed rule. The NPS published the final rule.
The 2001 Rule, promulgated during the Clinton administration, was published the day after President George W. Bush took office and was immediately stayed pending a review by the new administration. Meanwhile, the International Snowmobiler Manufacturers Association filed suit, challenging the rule as an unsupported decision. The NPS settled the litigation and agreed to consider data on new snowmobile technologies.
NPS then issued another proposed rule. NPS received over 350,000 pieces of correspondence from the public; over 80 percent of the public comments supported the phase-out of snowmobiles. Despite this opposition, the NPS released a final rule delaying the implementation of the phase-out for an additional year.
The Fund for Animals filed suit, challenging the postponement as arbitrary and capricious. Should the Fund win? Is the postponement arbitrary and capricious? In 2007, former National Park Director Fran Mainella called for using science, including studies of their impact, to make the rules on snowmobile use in national parks. Why is her recommendation relevant?
CSUSB Corp. just issued a dividend of $3.10 per share on its common stock. The company is expected to maintain a constant 6.4 percent growth rate in its dividends indefin...Jun 25 2021
What factors do you think might influence which policy alternative is adopted? How do you think policy implementation happens?Jun 04 2020
For a slab milling operation using a 5-in.-diameter, 11-tooth cutter (see Figure 20-6), the feed per tooth is 0.005 in./tooth with a cutting speed of 100 sfpm (HSS steel)...May 19 2020
Given the following holding period returns: 4%, 2%, 1%, -2%, 2%, 2%, calculate the arithmetic average return?Aug 22 2020
Juries appear to be more willing than judges to award punitive damages.22. U.S. employment laws apply to U.S. companies regardless of their location.23. Under the Age Dis...Dec 25 2019
We would like our second order system to have a step response with an overshootAug 19 2020
Business Case Problem with Sample Answer—Insurance Provisions and Clauses.Darling's Rent-a-Car carried property insurance on its cars under a policy issued by Philadelphi...Aug 10 2021
The irreversible elementary reaction 2A —+ B takes place in the gasphase in an isothermal tubular (plug-Jlow) reactor. Reactant A and a diluentC are fed in equimolar rati...Jul 17 2020
Present ValueYears Interest Rate Future Value $260 3 % $307 380 17 1,107 41,000 18 185,586 40,261 20 342,595 Solve for the unknown interest rate in each of the following...Aug 22 2020
Indicate whether the following balanced equations involve oxidation-reduction.If they do, identify the elements that undergo changes in oxidation number.2AgNO3(aq) + CoCl...Aug 23 2021