The natives of The Republic of Coastland are always prepared to take risks and they also demonstrate less emotional resistance to change. Apart from these characteristics, the ties between people are loose, sex roles are less sharply distinguished, and inequalities of power and wealth are discouraged in the country. According to this information, the Republic of Coastland most likely demonstrates _____.
C. low uncertainty avoidance
D. high power distance
E. class consciousness
122.According to Hofstede, in societies where _____ was emphasized, the ties between individuals were tight.
D. low uncertainty avoidance
E. low power distance
123.Which of the following is a characteristic of high uncertainty avoidance cultures?
A. They do not place importance on job security, career patterns, retirement benefits, and so on.
B. They allow a manager to tightly control the subordinates’ initiatives.
C. They demonstrate less emotional resistance to change.
D. They are characterized by a greater readiness to take risks.
E. They oppose the use of rules and regulations to exercise control over individuals.
124.A country characterized with low uncertainty avoidance and low masculinity will:
A. place a premium on job security and career progression.
B. support stringent managerial control and competition.
C. be less resistant to change and less distinguishing between men and women in the same job.
D. have a strong need for rules and exertion of power in the society.
E. oppose risk-taking and gender egalitarianism.
125.Which of the following statements is true of Geert Hofstede's work on cultural dimensions?
A. Hofstede’s power distance dimension looked at the relationship between gender and work roles.
B. Hofstede's work fails to consider that many countries have more than one culture.
C. According to Hofstede, high uncertainty avoidance cultures were less emotionally resistant to change.
D. Hofstede’s findings are inconsistent with standard Western stereotypes about cultural differences.
E. Hofstede and his associates argued that being Confucianism is not good for economic growth.
126.Hofstede’s _____ dimension focused on how a society deals with the fact that people are unequal in physical and intellectual capabilities.
A. individualism versus collectivism
B. power distance
C. uncertainty avoidance
D. masculinity versus femininity
E. Confucian dynamism
127.Which of the following is a criticism of Hofstede's four cultural dimensions?
A. Hofstede has ignored the one-to-one correspondence between culture and the nation-state.
B. Most of Hofstede's findings are in direct conflict with standard Western stereotypes.
C. Hofstede assumes that most countries have more than one cultural dimension.
D. Certain social classes were excluded from Hofstede's work sample.
E. Hofstede's informants belonged to several different industries, companies, and countries hence his research lacks standardization.
128.Hofstede's fifth dimension of Confucian dynamism captures:
A. how a society deals with the fact that people are unequal in physical and intellectual capabilities.
B. the relationship between an individual and his or her fellows along with the degree to which individual achievement and freedom are emphasized.
C. the extent to which different cultures socialized their members into accepting ambiguous situations and tolerating uncertainty.
D. attitudes toward time, persistence, ordering by status, protection of face, respect for tradition, and reciprocation of gifts and favors.
E. the extent to which sex roles are differentiated and values such as achievement and power are emphasized.
129.Which of the following statements is true about the cultural dimension "Confucian dynamism"?
A. Confucian dynamism covers the extent to which a nation believes in the supernatural and emphasizes on the concept of a supreme being or an afterlife.
B. Hofstede's fifth dimension, Confucian dynamism, is also called uncertainty avoidance orientation.
C. Hofstede argued that his evidence suggested that nations with higher economic growth rates scored low on Confucian dynamism.
D. East Asian countries such as Japan, Hong Kong, and Thailand scored lower on Confucian dynamism than the Western nations.
E. In Confucian dynamism, the units of resources required to produce a good are assumed to remain constant no matter where one is on a country’s production possibility frontier.
130.A decade ago the government of Weinsland decided to liberalize the country's economy. As a result, today the country is experiencing rapid economic advancement and societal changes that are favorable for international business. Which of the following changes is most likely to occur in Weinsland?
A. The country will exhibit more need for social and material support structures built on collectives.
B. As the country gets richer, there will be a shift in the society from “traditional” to “secular rational” values.
C. As the country gets richer, there will be a shift in the society from “well-being” to “survival” values.
D. The people in the country will give more importance to collectivism than to individualism.
E. The country, to further facilitate globalization, will commit to authoritarian ideologies.
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