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The attitudes and beliefs we have about ourselves and others are a direct result of things

The attitudes and beliefs we have about ourselves and others are a direct result of things we learned from our parents or parental substitutes. The willingness to challenge this _______ is the mark of autonomy.

a.authority figure

  1.                inner child
  2.                 inner parent
  3.                authoritative parent



22.The term “inner parent” refers to the

a.attitudes and beliefs we hold that we’ve learned from our parents.

b.values we choose for ourselves, which may differ from our parents’ values.

  1.                 type of parent we wished we had when we were children.
  2.                parental values we pass on to our children.



23.When challenging the early childhood messages that have influenced our lives, it is important to

a.recognize that many of the values we incorporated from our parents may be healthy standards for guiding our behavior.

b.passively accept as truth the messages we learned when we were children.

  1.                 blame our parents for the psychological pain we suffer.
  2.                expect our parents to be different from who they are and wait for their approval.



24.The inner critic reflects the concerns of your



  1.                 significant others.
  2.                all of the above.



25. What is the process called that involves becoming increasingly observant and aware of external and internal stimuli in the present moment and adopting an open attitude of accepting what is rather than judging the present situation?

  1.                 self-care
  2.                congruence
  3.                 hyperawareness
  4.                mindfulness



26.People moving in the direction of autonomy

a.find themselves in isolation and are not bound up with the quality of their relationships with others.

b.have a desire to become both free and responsible and to do for themselves what they are capable of doing.

c.are able to “do their own thing” irrespective of the impact of those actions on others. answers primarily outside themselves, looking for what others expect of them and seeking their approval.



27.The struggle toward autonomy entails

a.sorting out our values.

b.understanding the ways our early decisions influence our present behavior.

  1.                 working for our own approval, rather than living according to someone else’s design.
  2.                all of the above.



28.The following is characteristic behavior of people who have achieved a sense of intimacy:

a.establishing a clear sense of their own identity.

b.being tolerant of differences in others.

  1.                 trusting others and themselves in relationships.
  2.                all of the above.



29.When Andre did not receive the highest grade in the class (he actually earned a B+), he immediately thought of himself as a failure and as the worst student. Andre was committing which of the following cognitive errors?

a.    dichotomous thinking

b.selective abstraction





30.The transition from the 20s to the 30s is a time

a.of changing values and beliefs.

b.when inner turmoil increases for many.

  1.                 when people may reevaluate their life plans and make significant changes.
  2.                all of the above.

Dec 12 2019 View more View Less

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