The action of a hormone on a target cell involves effects on
A) receptor proteins.
B) nonreceptor proteins.
D) receptor and nonreceptor proteins.
E) receptor proteins and lipids.
2) The endocrine gland that is a modified sympathetic ganglion is the
B) anterior pituitary.
C) posterior pituitary.
D) adrenal cortex.
E) adrenal medulla.
3) All of the hormones secreted by the adrenal gland play a major role in growth and metabolism.
4) Cholesterol is a precursor for the synthesis of
E) progesterone, aldosterone, and estradiol.
5) Crossover effects are sometimes seen among
A) most hormones.
B) all hormones.
C) peptide/protein hormones.
D) steroid hormones.
6) The precursor chemical for ACTH synthesis is
7) The adrenal medulla produces
8) Which of the following could describe the function of 11 Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase?
A) An enzyme located in renal tubules that acts on cortisol .
B) It converts cortisol to a less active form.
C) It aids in preventing crossover effects from cortisol.
D) It converts cortisol to a form with a lower specificity for mineralocorticoid receptors there.
E) All of these answers are correct.
9) Cortisol secretion peaks between ________ and ________.
A) early morning, noon
B) midnight, early morning
C) noon, early evening
D) early evening, midnight
10) CRH stimulates the release of
E) None of these answers are correct.
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