Public sector unions differ from their private sector counterparts in that most public sector unions:
A) require union membership.
B) are organized by location.
C) have less bargaining power.
D) have no restrictions against striking.
32) Which country has the highest per capita union representation?
A) Great Britain
33) Coralie lives in France and works for the Paris transportation system. Clark lives and works in the United States. Both belong to unions. Which of the following is most likely true?
A) Clark's union is likely to be politically rather than economically motivated.
B) Coralie's union is likely to be politically rather than economically motivated.
C) Coralie's union has much more influence on working conditions than does Clark's union.
D) Clark's union is more likely to strike than Coralie's union.
34) In Germany, labor unions:
A) have union representatives on the boards of businesses.
B) are involved in national wage setting.
C) are affiliated with the Labor party.
D) are enterprise unions.
35) Industrial democracy is primarily marked by:
A) worker involvement in plant and corporate level decisions.
B) union involvement in political rather than economic issues.
C) managers who allow nonunion employees to vote on union issues.
D) union representatives who hold executive positions on corporate boards.
36) Codetermination is best defined as:
A) union-government cooperation to set national wages.
B) the political involvement of unions in Great Britain.
C) another term for enterprise unions in Japan.
D) worker representation on a corporation's board.
37) In Japan, workers at large corporations are represented by:
A) business unions.
B) work councils.
C) enterprise unions.
D) labor specialists.
38) The lifelong employment policy in Japan has:
A) encouraged cooperation between unions and management.
B) significantly decreased employees' desire to unionize.
C) created hostility between unions and management.
D) reduced union influence and bargaining strength.
39) Which of the following is the best comparison of the Japanese and U.S. labor relations systems?
A) Japan's labor system promotes industrial democracy, while the U.S. labor system does not.
B) The U.S. labor relations system fosters greater trust between unions and management than does the Japanese system.
C) Japan's unions have been decreasing in number as lifelong employment policies become weaker, while U.S. unions in both the private and public sector are growing.
D) Japan's labor relations system leads to close personal relationships among managers, union leaders, and workers, while the U.S. system tends to be adversarial.
40) Which term refers to a firm's overall plan for dealing with labor unions?
A) labor relations strategy
B) union acceptance strategy
C) distributive bargaining strategy
D) collective bargaining strategy
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