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Institutional Distance involves all of the following except that which is Regulatory

Institutional Distance involves all of the following except that which is:

a.Regulatory.

b.Normative.

c.Cognitive.

d.Cultural.

e.B and C above.

12.First mover advantages do not include:

a.Developing proprietary, technological leadership.

b.Preempting scarce assets.

c.Establishing entry barriers.

d.Successful clashes with dominant firms in domestic markets.

e.Creating good relationships with key stakeholders.

13.Late mover advantages do not include:

a.Taking a free ride on first movers’ investments.

b.Joining the game with massive firepower when some of the uncertainties are removed.

c.Preempting scarce assets.

d.Taking advantage of first movers’ inflexibility by leapfrogging over them.

e.Choice of Strategy.

14.Large-scale entries do which of the following?

a.Benefit from a strategic commitment.

b.Assure local customers and suppliers.

c.Deter potential entrants.

d.A and B above.

e.All of the above.

15.Small-scale entries normally benefit by their:

a.Focus on accumulating experience.

b.Emphasis on “learning by doing.”

c.Strong strategic commitment.

d.First mover advantages.

e.A and B above.

16.Non-equity modes of entry typically involve:

a.Exports and contractual agreements.

b.Larger, harder-to-reverse commitments.

c.Establishing independent organizations overseas.

d.Joint ventures (JVs).

e.Wholly owned subsidiaries.

17.All of the follow are true of direct exports except:

a.Most basic mode of entry.

b.Capitalizes on economies of scale in production concentrated in the home country.

c.Affords better control over distribution.

d.The agendas and objectives of the intermediaries and exporters are the same.

e.Designs and productions geared for the domestic market first and foremost.

18.Selling the rights to intellectual property for a royalty fee is involved in:

a.Licensing/franchising.

b.Turnkey projects.

c.R&D contracts.

d.Comarketing.

e.All of the above.

19.Which is not true of joint ventures?

a.They are jointly owned by two or more parent companies.

b.They share risks with local partners.

c.They gain access o the local partner’s knowledge about the host country.

d.They are politically less acceptable than wholly owned subsidiaries.

e.The goals of partners may diverge.

20.Greenfield operations refers to:

a.Licensing/franchising.

b.Turnkey projects.

c.R&D contracts.

d.Co marketing.

e.Wholly owned subsidiaries.

Feb 14 2020 View more View Less

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