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Cheek teeth of extinct primates Refer to the American Journal of Physical Anthropology Vol 142 2010 study of the characteristics of cheek teeth eg molars in an extinct primate species

Cheek teeth of extinct primates. Refer to the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Vol. 142, 2010) study of the characteristics of cheek teeth (e.g., molars) in an extinct primate species, Exercise 2.34 (p. 46). The data on dentary depth of molars (in millimeters) for 18 cheek teeth extracted from skulls are reproduced below and saved in the CHEEKTEETH file.

a. Find and interpret the mean of the data set. If the largest depth measurement in the sample were doubled, how would the mean change? Would it increase or decrease?

b. Find and interpret the median of the data set. If the largest depth measurement in the sample were doubled, how would the median change? Would it increase or decrease?

c. Note that there is no single measurement that occurs more than once. How does this fact impact the mode?

Exercise 2.34

Cheek teeth of extinct primates. Refer to the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Vol. 142, 2010) study of the characteristics of cheek teeth (e.g., molars) in an extinct primate species, Exercise 2.7 (p. 34). In addition to degree of wear, the researchers recorded the dentary depth of molars (in millimeters) for 18 cheek teeth extracted from skulls. These depth measurements are listed in the accompanying table and saved in the CHEEKTEETH file. Summarize the data graphically with a stem-and-leaf display. Is there a particular molar depth that occurs more frequently in the sample?

Exercise 2.7

Cheek teeth of extinct primates. The characteristics of cheek teeth (e.g., molars) can provide anthropologists with information on the dietary habits of extinct mammals. The cheek teeth of an extinct primate species was the subject of research reported in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Vol. 142, 2010). These data are saved in the CHEEKTEETH file. A total of 18 cheek teeth extracted from skulls discovered in western Wyoming were analyzed. Each tooth was classified according to degree of wear (unworn, slight, light-moderate, moderate, moderateheavy, or heavy). The 18 measurements are listed here.

a. Identify the variable measured in the study and its type (quantitative or qualitative).

b. Count the number of cheek teeth in each wear category.

c. Calculate the relative frequency for each wear category.

d. Construct a relative frequency bar graph for the data.

e. Construct a Pareto diagram for the data.

f. Identify the degree of wear category that occurred most often in the sample of 18 cheek teeth.

Aug 07 2020 View more View Less

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