Create an Account

Already have account?

Forgot Your Password ?

Home / Questions / ANALYZE AND EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING IN YOUR OWN WORDS. I WILL REPORT AND DOWNVOTE IF FOUND A...

ANALYZE AND EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING IN YOUR OWN WORDS. I WILL REPORT AND DOWNVOTE IF FOUND ANY PLAGIARISM OR WRONG OR IRRELEVANT ANSWER Vitality refers to the experience of having energy available to

ANALYZE AND EXPLAIN THE FOLLOWING IN YOUR OWN WORDS. I WILL REPORT AND DOWNVOTE IF FOUND ANY PLAGIARISM OR WRONG OR IRRELEVANT ANSWER

Vitality refers to the experience of having energy available to one’s self. Vital employees are full of positive energy when they work, and feel mentally and physically strong. Such employees often show higher job performance and lower stress than their less vital colleagues. Despite the importance of vitality, few public administration studies have studied vitality. More generally, by focusing on vitality, we aim to bring a “positive psychology” perspective into the domain of public administration. We analyze whether two important job characteristics (leader’s task communication and job autonomy) affect vitality. We use a multi-method design. A large-scale survey (N = 1,502) shows that leader’s task communication and job autonomy are positively related to vitality. A lab experiment (N = 102) replicated these findings, showing cause-and-effect relationships. In conclusion, public organizations can potentially increase employee vitality (a) by increased task communication from leaders and (b) by providing employees with greater job autonomy. Employees who show high vitality at work have a high level of activation and positive energy, and often have higher job performance than their less vital colleagues. However, few studies within public administration examine vitality, looking more often at for instance job satisfaction or commitment. This study analyzes how two important work characteristics (leadership communication and autonomy) influence employee vitality. A multi-method design was used: a survey of 1,502 public healthcare employees and a lab experiment of 102 participants. Hence, this study answers to calls within public administration for 1) more multi-method designs and 2) increased use of experiments. In the survey and the experiment, both leadership communication and work autonomy have a positive effect on vitality (significant direct effects). The interaction effect of leadership communication and autonomy was weak (survey) or insignificant (lab experiment). Concluding, employee vitality can be strengthened by increased leadership communication and granting more autonomy to employees.

Apr 03 2021 View more View Less

Answer (Solved)

question Subscribe To Get Solution

Related Questions